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Navigating the mystery of Sundowning in Dementia

Living with someone who experiences sundowning, a phenomenon commonly associated with dementia, can present unique challenges. You may find yourself in a caregiver role or seeking ways to support a family member or friend dealing with sundowning. In this article, we'll explore practical strategies and tips to help you cope with and provide the best possible support for your loved one during these challenging times.

1. Understand Sundowning:

Sundowning is a pattern of Behavioural changes that occur later in the day for individuals living with dementia. It often includes symptoms like agitation, restlessness, confusion, and increased confusion during the late afternoon and evening hours. By understanding the nature of sundowning, you can better empathise with your loved one's experience.

2. Patience and Empathy:

When your loved one is experiencing sundowning, it's important to approach them with patience and empathy. Remember that their behaviour is not intentional but a result of the condition. By maintaining a calm and understanding attitude, you can create a more supportive environment for them.

3. Create a Safe and Calm Environment:

The environment plays a crucial role in managing sundowning. Make sure the space is well-lit with natural or soft lighting to reduce shadows and create a soothing ambiance. Minimise noise and distractions that can contribute to sensory overload. By optimising the environment, you can help your loved one feel more comfortable and at ease.

4. Establish a Consistent Routine:

Creating a predictable routine can provide a sense of stability and security. Establish regular times for meals, activities, and rest. Consistency in daily routines helps reduce anxiety and confusion. Communicate the schedule clearly to your loved one, using visual cues or reminders if necessary.

5. Engage in Meaningful Activities:

Engaging in activities that your loved one enjoys can help divert their attention from feelings of agitation or confusion. Listen to their favourite music, play a board game, or look through old photo albums together. Meaningful activities can promote a sense of connection and well-being.

6. Practice Active Listening:

Communication can become challenging for individuals experiencing sundowning. Be patient and practice active listening by giving your full attention. Use simple and clear language, maintaining eye contact. Be understanding if they struggle to express themselves and offer reassurance. Sometimes, a comforting touch or a gentle hug can convey more than words.

7. Take Care of Yourself:

Caring for someone with sundowning can be emotionally and physically demanding. Remember to prioritise self-care. Take breaks, seek support from friends and family, and engage in activities that help you relax and recharge. By caring for yourself, you can be better equipped to support your loved one.

8. Seek Professional Guidance:

It's important to consult healthcare professionals experienced in dementia care. They can provide valuable advice tailored to your loved one's specific needs. Reach out to doctors, dementia specialists, or support groups for guidance, information, and resources.


Supporting a loved one experiencing sundowning can be challenging, but with patience, empathy, and a few practical strategies, you can create a more comforting environment for them. Remember to prioritise self-care and seek professional guidance when needed. By being a supportive presence in their life, you can make a positive difference and enhance their quality of life.

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